Prevalence and Histomorphological Study of Sarcocystis Species in Naturally Infected Cattle in Soran city, Erbil-Iraq
Sara Omer Swar and Bushra Hussain Shnawa
Sarcocystis is a zoonotic protozoan parasite of the phylum Apicomplexa, which infect several animals, including livestock species. Cattle are the intermediate host for several Sarcocystis species, including S. cruzi, S. hirsuta, S. hominis, S.heydorni, and S. rommeli. The current study was conducted to determine the prevalence of sarcocystosis infection among slaughtered cattle in Soran city-Erbil, Iraq. Oesophagal samples from 112 cattle Caracases were collected from July 2018 to November 2018. Samples were surveyed by macroscopic and microscopic inspection besides histological and molecular analysis. The gross investigation revealed that 7/112 (6.2%) of cattle were infected with visible macrosarcocysts. Moreover, the microscopic histological study showed that 92/112 (82.1 %) animals were infected with microsarcocysts. One type of macroscopic sarcocysts was identified in the oesophagi of naturally infected cattle. Depending on morphological features, host specificity, sort of the infected organ, and previous epidemiological investigation, the sarcocystis tentatively assigned to S.hirsuta. Several microscopic sarcocysts were detected in the esophagi of the tested cattle and considered S.cruzi depending on the same bases. The histological sections confirmed several histopathological changes within the oesophagi of the infected animals. The partial analysis of the 18S rRNA gene showed that all macrosarcocysts produced bands of Expected sizes on gel electrophoresis. Further investigation was needed to validate the parasite species by phylogenetic and ultrastructural studies.
Keywords: Sarcocystis spp, Cattle, Esophagus, Morphologic identification, Histopathology, 18S rRNA
Evaluating remote training programs offered to Arabic language teachers in the Directorate of Education of Theban District from teacher’s point of view
Eman Mahmoud Mohammad ALhwayan
This study aimed to evaluate the remote training programs provided to Arabic language teachers in the Directorate of Education of Theban District. In government schools affiliated with the Ministry of Education in the Directorate of Education, Theban District, where the questionnaire consisted of (32) items, and five main axes came as follows: Evaluation of the content of remote training programs, Evaluation of the rules for joining remote training courses, Evaluation of the facilities provided to support remote training courses, Evaluation of trainers of remote training programs, Evaluation of the degree of benefit from remote training programs. The tool has also been validated by presenting it to a group of referees specialized in the field of curricula and teaching, and to ensure its stability by distributing it to an exploratory sample of (30) male and female teachers, and calculating the stability coefficient through the Cranach’s alpha equation, where the scale achieved a high level of stability. The results showed that the study sample members’ evaluation of the remote training programs offered to the teachers of Theban Brigade was average, and the results indicated that there were statistically significant differences in the responses of the sample members due to the gender variable, in favor of females, and the results of the study indicated that there are no statistically significant differences for sample responses due to a variable for the educational qualification of the three axes (evaluation of trainers of remote training programs, assessment of the degree of benefit from remote training programs, assessment of the content of remote training programs).There are statistically significant differences in the two axes (evaluation of the laws to join remote training courses, and evaluation of the facilities provided to support remote training courses) due to the educational qualification variable in favor of the bachelor’s degree, and based on the findings of the study, a number of recommendations will be made.
Keywords: assessment, training remote training, teachers of the Arabic language.
Portrayal of the Egyptian Family in Cinema
A Sociocultural Study of Socialization Motivating Creativity
Arij Elbadrawy Zahran
This research seeks to study those films that discussed socialization or the relationship between parents and children; whether it is the main focus of the film or among the issues covered therein; to highlight the promoted values with a focus on creativity, represented in: freedom, democracy, self-confidence and responsibility… and other values that the research argued in detail at discussing the concept of creativity and socialization motivating creativity; taking into account the diversity in selecting the films under study in terms of the historical period to pinpoint those changes that occurred to the Egyptian family as reflected by the cinema.
Keywords: Creativity, Cinema, Socialization, Media.
Cultural and PCR Technique for Isolation & Identification of Helicobacter Pylori & Determine the Susceptibility to Some Antibiotics and Natural Antimicrobial Agents in Vitro
Zainab M. Alzubaidy, Sara Omer Swar and Darwin hawar mohammed
The current study was done to detecting Helicobacter pylori in sick people suffering from stomach and abdominal disorder, one hundred and twenty biopsy samples were collected from patients visiting Rizgary hospital in Erbil city. Out of 120 samples; the positive samples of H. pylori were 8(6.66%), Different culture media were used for successful isolation these were; BHI and Columbia agar, they supplemented with 7% HRBC and Vancomycin 5 mg + Trimethoprim lactate 25 mg, were effective media for isolation with a positivity rate was (9.16%), other media which used was Brucella agar; the isolation rate was (4.16) %. The bacteria were identified according to cultural , morphological , biochemical characteristics (Urease , oxidase , catalase , motility ), most of the isolates had positive reaction and gave 100% positive results except the motility which only 50% could motile, the identification of the isolates confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), The general bacterial gene 16SrRNA , the results appeared that all 11 isolates 100 % were confirmed as H. pylori by the amplification of 16sRNA. All H. pylori isolates were screened for 12 antimicrobial agents using disc diffusion method , hight resistance was observed against the groups of metronidazole, Erythromycin, Levofloxacin, Trimethoprim, tetracycline, ampicillin and furazolidin while the resistance rate varied between the antibiotics; Amoxicillin, streptomycin, rifampin and cefsuiodin. The alcoholic extracts of Camellia sinensis (Green tea) showed the ability to inhibit the growth of the bacteria and the inhibition zone was ranging between (15-40mm), while in watery extract shown (8-35mm) zone of inhibition, whereas the alcoholic extract of Allium sativum (Garlic) had the ability to inhibit the growth of H. pylori as the range of inhibition zone was (24-30mm) while the effects of the watery extract was (13-18mm) for the total isolates.
Keyword: H. pylori, patients, PCR, 16SrRNA gene, Green tea, Garlic, Extracts
The Factorial Structure of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales – Fifth Edition, the Jordanian Modified Version
Samia Muhammad Kair Subhi Jabri and Ahmad Omar Muhammad Hamdan
The current study aimed to verify The Factorial Structure of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales – Fifth Edition, the Jordanian Modified Version. The scale was administered to a sample of 355 children the ages is between (5-11) years, where data were collected from many private schools and special education centers in Amman Governorate during the period September-2021 until April 2022. The study sample also included 35 children diagnosed with autism to use for the purpose of calculating SF5 discrimination. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the fitness indicators were fit as the value of the chi-square is 144.78, which is not significant at the 0.05 level, which refers that the study data was fit with the proposed factorial structure of SB5. Also, the SRMR value was 0.043, which is lower than the specified value of 0.05, indicating that the standard residual square mean of the proposed model has a good fit, according to the criterion defined by Henseler et al. (2014) indicates that the model is a good fit if the mean square value of the standard residual is less than 0.08. The loading coefficient values for the non-verbal subtests ranged (from 0.87-0.94), and the loading coefficient values for the verbal subtest ranged (from 0.91-0.96). The result confirmed that all loading coefficients were above 0.70 for all sub-tests, which is very high. In addition, the Extracted Mean-Variance (AVE) for the nonverbal factors was 0.837, and for the verbal factors was 0.866. The results also indicated that the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales – Fifth Edition, the Jordanian Modified Version has a significant discriminatory ability to assess cognitive performance between children diagnosed with autism and children who are not diagnosed.
The Effect of Using Electronic Databases on the Quality of Scientific Research among Students of Jordanian Universities: Student of International Islamic Science University is A Model
Kawkab Misbah Ishti Al-Tamimi and Ebar A. Y. Al-Musa
The study’s goal was to determine the impact of using electronic databases on the Internet on the quality of scientific research among Jordanian university students. The researchers used a descriptive analytical approach to accomplish this goal. All graduate students at Jordan’s International University of Islamic Sciences were included in the study. A random sample of 100 male and female students was chosen, and the research tool – a questionnaire – was given online to them. The study reached a set of results, the most important of which are: there is a high level of use of electronic databases by postgraduate students, and there is a statistically significant effect of using electronic databases on the quality of scientific research. The study also found that there were no statistically significant differences in the estimates of graduate students, the study sample, about the effect of using electronic databases on the Internet on the quality of scientific research according to the gender and age variables. Yet, there were statistically significant differences in the estimates of graduate students, the study sample, about the effect of using electronic databases on the Internet on the quality of scientific research according to the academic year variable and in favor of the fourth academic year. The study recommended that public and private educational institutions make electronic databases available to researchers in general, and graduate students in particular, free of charge, due to their clear impact on the quality of scientific research; and train researchers and graduate students in the use of electronic databases, due to their importance in facilitating their research and studies.
Keywords: Electronic Databases, Quality of Scientific Research, University Students, Jordan.
A comparative study between the two books of Islamic education in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia & the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Turki bin Salem Al-Qahtani
The research aims at the reality of education in South Korea, Finland, Singapore and Saudi Arabia (Comparative Analysis) To learn about the educational system in South Korea, Finland and Singapore in terms of education history and stages of development, public education organization and types, curriculum, educational staircase, education administration, education finance, teacher preparation, in-service training, supervision methods, and finish with evaluation methods, and compare them with those in Saudi Arabia. The current research aims at identifying the educational system in South Korea, Finland and Singapore in terms of education history and stages of development, general education organization and types, curriculum, educational staircase, education administration, education funding, teacher preparation, in-service training, supervision methods, and ending with evaluation methods, and comparing them with those in Saudi Arabia. The researcher used the comparative approach and the comparative approach is a form of curriculum used in scientific research, the aim of which is to work a set of comparisons between phenomena related to scientific research, so as to identify the similarity among them, as well as the difference. The research questions were as follows: – What is the reality of education in the State of South Korea and the general features and factors affecting it? – What is the reality of education in Finland’s State and the general characteristics and factors affecting it? – What is the reality of education in Singapore’s State and the general characteristics and factors affecting it? – What are the similarities and differences in education between South Korea, Finland, Singapore and Saudi Arabia? The research findings found similarities between the reality of education between South Korea, Finland and Singapore, and Saudi Arabia.
The Factorial Validity for International Performance Scale (Leite-3) Determining The Level of Cognitive Abilities & Non-Verbal Memory Among a Group of Diagnosed Children with A Developmental Disorder
Ahmad Omar Mohammad Hamdan
The purpose of this study was to find the factorial validity of the International performance scale LEITER-3 in determining the level of cognitive abilities and non-verbal memory among a group of diagnosed children with a developmental disorder, The test was administered to a sample consisting of (144) child distributed into four groups (Autism Spectrum disorder, learning Disability , Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and normal children) , who were selected from psychiatric clinics , special education centers under the supervision of social development ministry, and Behavioral clinics in Jordanian royal services. Also(140) normal child were selected from public and privet school in the Hashemite kingdom of Jordan. The International Performance scale LEITER-3 was administered individually among the study sample. after the data had been collected, a number of statistical analysis were conducted which included correlation matrix , factor analysis , one way ANOVA by using SPSS , and SmartPLS-3 software. The result revealed that the LEITER-3 had achieved a number of validity indicators such as internal validity, factorial validity, and discrimination validity), also the results of test —retest reliability were high for all the sub-test. In addition to, the results revealed a number of personal profiles for four different children from different disorders (Autism, learning Disability, ADHD, and normal children).
Keywords: Non-verbal Intelligence, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder, Learning Disability.
The impact of the Corona pandemic on the values and behaviours of young people in light of the current circumstances
This study aimed to identify the impact of the Corona pandemic on the values and behaviours of young people in light of the current circumstances. The study sample consisted of (70) young men and women, they were selected in a stratified random manner. The descriptive survey method was used in the current research. The descriptive survey method was used in the current research. To achieve the research objectives, a questionnaire was developed, and its validity and reliability were confirmed, The results showed that the impact of the Corona pandemic on the values and behaviours of young people in light of economic conditions was high, and in light of social conditions, it was moderate, The results of the study also showed that there were statistically significant differences at the significance level (α ≤ 0.05) according to the gender variable in favour of the male category And there were no statistically significant differences according to the educational qualification variable, and there were no statistically significant differences according to the years of experience variable, In light of these results, the study recommended the necessity of paying attention to the youth category, as it is a source of the state’s strength, and working on its development and preparation to be able to adapt to future crises So that it becomes an active element capable of dealing with any crisis that may pass at the economic or social level, In addition to conducting more studies on the impact of the Corona pandemic on the values and behaviours of young people and what it caused in changing the value system in society for all, especially among the youth group.
Keywords: Corona pandemic, values and behaviours
Innovative Objective Control Software: A Comparative Analytical Study (Jordan Television)
Ali Al Shawabkeh
The aim of the current research is to design the objective control software, and to identify the possibility of using it as an alternative to the traditional management method of the substantive censorship department in Jordan Television, according to the concepts of administrative creativity and the transition to electronic management. The researcher also exposed them and the theoretical knowledge and previous studies that contacted them, benefiting from them in analyzing the traditional administrative reality of the Department of Objective Control and seeking to change it creatively. In addition to its reliance in data collection on observation, directed personal interviews, and available documents. The research came to the conclusion that: the possibility of using the innovative objective control software by the department’s employees and related directorates and departments in the Jordan Radio and Television Corporation, and it is an effective alternative to the traditional management method used in carrying out tasks and using tools and archiving, which achieves a positive administrative reality characterized by ease of procedures and operations, control decisions and recommendations, availability of unified data, ease of measuring and following-up the performance of employees, employing technical development in the institution, ease of communication and permanent communication between employees, and overcoming the problem of the geographical and temporal dimensions.
Keywords: Administrative Creativity – Electronic Management – Software – Objective Control.
The globalization of scientific research in the light of the social responsibility of universities According to the experiences of developed countries
Laila Muftah Faraj Al-Azaibi
The study aimed to identify the mechanisms of the globalization of scientific research within the framework of social responsibility according to the experiences of developed countries. Libyan. The importance of this study is related to focus on the global strategic trends of the globalization of scientific research and the practices of their application in the developed countries which contributes in the advance of the future strategic directions of the social responsibility of the Libyan universities in the globalization of scientific research.To answer the study questions, a comparative analytical method is used for the total description of the phenomena and analysing the relevant information which is performed by comparative analysis of study domains, the developmental method is used also to provide a suggested strategy for scientific research in light of social responsibility of Libyan universities.
The study concluded that there is a weakness of scientific research globalization mechanisms in Libyan universities in light of social responsibility in Libyan universities and there is a need to develop scientific research to achieve its globalization in light of social responsibility, within the context of global strategic trends, the study has presented a suggested strategy of the globalization of scientific research in light of social responsibility of Libyan universities.
Keywords: globalization, globalization of scientific research, social responsibility, experiences of developed countries.
A comparative study between the two books of Islamic education in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia & the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Saed Nayef Al-Otaibi
The aim of the research is to reveal the similarities and differences in the concepts included in the two books of Islamic education in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. , issued by the Ministry of Education in the academic year (2020-2021 AD), as for the sample, the study population was complete, and the researcher used a content analysis card; He prepared it for comparison between the two books of Islamic education for the fourth grade of primary school in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan to find out the extent to which the various Islamic concepts (ideological, fundamentalism, jurisprudence, affection, biography of the Prophet) are included. The most prominent results of the research were as follows:The total number of inclusion of ideological concepts in the fourth grade Islamic studies book reached a higher percentage in the curriculum of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which obtained (60%) out of the total total repetition of (75) repetitions, while the Jordan syllabus included a percentage of (40%). The Islamic studies book for the fourth grade included a higher degree of inclusion in the Jordan curriculum, which obtained a percentage of (51.28%), while the curriculum of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia included a percentage of (48.72%), and for the jurisprudential concepts in the Islamic studies book for the fourth grade, the degree of inclusion was higher in the curriculum of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia, which obtained a percentage of (52.94%), while the Jordan curriculum included a percentage of (47.6%), and for the emotional concepts (behavioral recommendation) in the Islamic Education Book for the fourth grade, the degree of inclusion was higher in the Jordan curriculum, which obtained a percentage of (64.06%). While the curriculum of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia included a percentage of (35.94%), while the concepts of the Prophet’s biography in the Islamic Studies book for the fourth grade came with a very high rate of inclusion in the curriculum of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with a percentage of (91.89%) compared to the curriculum of Jordan with a percentage of (8.11%). From the grand total, the research recommended the equilibrium in the distribution of different Islamic concepts in Islamic education books for the primary stage.
Keywords: Islamic concepts – primary stage – Islamic education curricula.
Professional Development for Teachers of Arabic to Non-Native Speakers
Hala Mahmoud Mohammed Al-Adwan
This research reviewed the recent research on the Internet as a strategy for professional development and dealing with emergencies, as well as describing the benefits of teachers’ training, preparing teachers of Arabic for non-native speakers and the analyzing the procedures for preparing them.
A proposed Conceptualization to Identify Alternatives to Fund Educational Scientific Research “Analytical study”
Fatma Abdel hamed Almbaqa and Heba Tawfiqe Odah Abu Eyadah
The current study aims to identify modern sources of funding for scientific research in the light of the contemporary world, to come out of them with a vision that supports and enhances the financing of educational scientific research in creative, innovative and pioneering ways, and to achieve the hoped for in improvement, development, change, solving problems and current crises, supporting scientific research and investing it in rational decision-making, through analysis And reviewing previous research and studies and educational literature that dealt with the sources of funding for educational scientific research in order to ensure an integrated remedial vision to meet the challenges of funding educational scientific research. The current study differs from previous studies in the study methodology, as the
current study relies on the analysis of educational literature that circulated sources of funding for educational scientific research through the descriptive analytical and developmental approach and considering the results of previous studies. Alternatives to funding educational scientific research to face the obstacles and problems of funding sources for educational scientific research. The study presents a set of recommendations, the most important of which is the need to expand business incubators and link research projects with local community institutions to support and market them.
Keywords: (finance, educational scientific research)
Impediments to Administrative Reform and Ways to Confront them from the Point of View of a Sample of Jordanian Citizens
Ameera Khaled Musmar
This study aimed to identify the impediments to administrative reform in the Jordanian society and the ways and solutions to confront them. It also aimed to address the causes of these impediments and the reasons leading to the spread of administrative corruption and to what extent it impacts the individual, society, and the state, from the point of view of a sample of 25 Jordanian citizens employed in the public and private sectors. To achieve its objectives, this study adopted the descriptive analytical method, which was based on interviewing people to know their answers to the questions directed to them. Considering the data analysis, the study stated several conclusions, the most important of which are: Among the most important reasons for the emergence of administrative corruption are: the absence of religious scruples among individuals, the low level of income and salaries, nepotism, and the lack of surveillance and deterrent penalties. Among the most important reasons that impede administrative reform are: interpersonal relationships, nepotism, favoritism, the existence of a group that benefits from the lack of reform, poor laws and administrative regulations, the lack of employees’ incentives and encouragement, and ignoring qualified and talented people. Among the proposed ways and solutions to confront the impediments to administrative reform are: honesty, sincerity, self-censorship, boldness in telling the truth and fighting against administrative corruption, collective awareness of the importance of a culture of change and reform, building a generation capable of reform and change, and that administrative reform shall include all regulations and instructions related to administrative management, in addition to creating a stimulating working environment. The study proposed several recommendations, the most important of which are: to consolidate moral values, integrity and justice in society, to activate the principle of oversight, to intensify penalties, to organize awareness campaigns through various media, to attract and encourage domestic and foreign investments to create job opportunities, to increase the efficiency and quality of education, to sponsor qualified and talented people, to digitize administrative transactions, and to benefit from foreign expertise in dealing with administrative reform.
Keywords: administration, administrative corruption, administrative reform.