Vol. 12, No. 4; JULY 2021
Table of Content


E-journals and Academic Communication: a reference and quotation study

Mahrus Abdul-Muqaddim Shadid  & Yasar Kaseeb Gaber


The newspaper is essential for formal communication with scholars. This research highlights the findings of an empirical study on scientific journals and the preliminary findings. The aim of the research is to assess the impact on academic communication of electronic journals through the measurement of the degree to which they are cited in print and electronic literature. The aim is to provide a quick picture of the impact e-journals had on scientific communication around the end of 1995. This study offers a measure of this impact, particularly on the formal communication process rather than on informal communication. The study also examines the forms of e-journals quoted by scholars, the accuracy of quotations from e-journals and the practical problems faced by researchers who wish to access e-journals in the networks.

Keywords:  News, Newspaper, Journal, e-Journal

Perception on workplace performance among interior designers of the impact of technology

Sameh Hessa Tuma  & Safiy Hussein Antar 


This article discusses a study project at Sheffield Universities ‘ Information Studies Department. In the UK Higher Education Institutions (HEIs), the study focuses on ISS training to refer to data strategy. For this studies, data strategies are regarded as a subset of information systems strategy. This study is concerned in two levels: the research subject and the methodological method to be tested. Most UK HEIs are creating data policies. Both national pressures and considerably HEFCE were driving this growth. Regrettably, very little data is accessible on HEI’s information systems or data policies. Research is expected to address this disequilibrium in a manner.

Keywords: Information Studies, Information Technology, systems strategy

Perception on workplace performance among interior designers of the impact of technology

Scarlett Barnes 


The aim of this study was to establish the expectations of employers for graduates in interior design with regard to their two-dimensional and three-dimensional CAD skills and their expectations of computer technology. This study aimed also to find out how, with the amplified use of technology in the workplace, the design know-how of CAD designers and other technologies has increased with time. Thirty interior design professionals were interviewed in telephone with companies that had randomly been selected from the Top 100 Giants of Interior Design Magazine (Davidsen 2004). The interviews were coded and the results analyzed using the basic theory procedure (Strauss & Corbin 1998). The results of this study revealed that employers are expecting new hires to have proficient skills using CAD programs for two-dimensional design, to have an awareness of advanced programs that employ three-dimensional design, as well as having increased expectations of the types of work interior designers perform on a daily basis as a result of technology. Employers expressed the positive influence of technology on production, ease of communication and their understanding of the design process. The results of this study assist educators in understanding employers’ expectations for students entering into the interior design profession. This research also may help profession understand the effect that the increase in technology has had and will continue to have on the profession.

 Keywords: Interior Design, computer aided design, computer aided drafting, employer expectations, two-dimensional design (2-D design), three-dimensional design (3-D design).

University Conceptual Framework for Information and Communication Technology Comprehension

Grace Hale 


The advances in ICT offer unprecedented opportunity for synchronous, asynchronous on-campus and remote learning, technologically-facilitated teaching and learning. While considerable research is carried out into the use of ICT in higher education, the phenomenon’s approach has mainly been inter-internal. The internalist approach generally focuses on the influence of ICT factors in teaching in institutions. As a result, the influence of factors external to institutions is not systematic and how these external factors combine with internal factors to shape the use of information and information technology. This paper offers a conceptual framework for researching external and internal factors in universities that make the use of ICT in teaching easier or more difficult. The framework is built on factors which result from an intentional examination of the literature on higher education external and internal environments.

Keywords: technology in education, higher education research, distance education, framework

The impact of Tourism Diversity on the Natural Reserves in Jordan case study of  Dana and Ajloun reserves

Rola Nayef Mohammed Al-Quraan  


This study aimed to assess the role of environmental tourism, especially natural reserves in the development of local communities in Jordan, through a study of two cases (Dana reserve in the south in Tafilah governorate, and Ajloun reserve in the north in Ajloun governorate) as a model for environmental tourism in Jordan, and an analysis of available tourism properties and capabilities In them; ways to enhance them, and to identify obstacles that may affect the effectiveness of their role in local development, and from the study it is clear that natural reserves have an important role in local development in the areas and neighboring population centers, by attracting investments to establish service projects For tourists, and the rehabilitation of areas eligible for eco-tourism, at a time when a large proportion of families and the local population adjacent to the natural reserves suffer from the problems of poverty and unemployment; Who faces the various economic sectors in Jordan, especially the tourism sector due to the political conditions that the region is going through, so the study recommended the need to increase the contribution of the local population to establish development projects for the reserves, and provide the necessary services for tourists, and overcome On the obstacles facing environmental tourism in natural reserves, increasing interest in infrastructure, providing public services in natural reserves such as providing pathways for tourist roads, providing lighting, water services and rest houses), and increasing interest by the public and private sector in environmental tourism, by encouraging internal tourism to Throughout the year, holding festivals and exhibitions, and not limited to specific periods of the year.

Keywords: nature reserves, eco-tourism, Ajloun Forest Reserve, Dana Reserve

Podcasting: A method for Improving Music Awareness of Perceptions and Performance

Ashtyn Downs & John Maccanay


This research’s overall purpose is to study the effects of auditory training on cognitive engagement in podcasting. We tested the hypothesis of improving academic performance, musical choice and intrinsic motivation in distance-learning music appreciation courses by adding weekly audio podcasts. The materials for standard distance learning are mainly visual. Sensory learning is strengthened by podcasts and learning modes are adapted. We compared two online music-appreciation classes at college level in each of two experiments. Experiment 1, students in both classes used traditional hard copy texts and received standard teacher-made visual materials and a weekly podcast additional episodes. Experiment 2 provided additional weekly audio podcast events for both courses using online texts and materials and one class. Additional events contributed to the perceptions of learners and the intrinsic motivation levels in both experiments.

Keywords: Distance education, distance learning, music, music appreciation, podcast, auditory learning, motivation, performance.

Participants’ characteristics that predict their willingness to volunteer for an urban agriculture program: A review

Orfeo Samuele and Marcos De Lukas


Urban agriculture (UA) has drawn the attention of Malaysian policy makers. University Putra Malaysia (UPM) has taken the lead in introducing programmes to urban residents. The university’s strategy is to train student volunteers to play the role of change agents serving urban residents to implement the programme. UPM programme planners need to build a large population of long-term students who voluntarily participate in the programme. Hence the university, specifically the faculty of agriculture, is meeting the challenge to produce candidates prepared with the knowledge, skills, and disposition to participate voluntarily in the UA programme. This paper reviews the existing literature on factors to predict voluntary participation among young students. The authors propose a conceptual model for programme developers to promote youth participation in a voluntary programme. Research is recommended to predict factors influencing UPM students’ voluntary participation in the UA programme. Further research is also recommended to explore how programme planners can overcome potential barriers to students’ participation in the programme. These investigations could help stakeholders design a programme that appeals to more students and urban residents.

Keywords: college students, urban agriculture, urban residents, voluntary participation, youth